Tag Archives: workers

The Global Pinoy: The Modern Day Heroes

by Nickee De Leon/AJPress

With the onset of technological advancements and the birth of new industries, the hardworking Juan has learned to broaden his horizons and has become a citizen of the world — a global Pinoy.

There are two kinds of global Pinoys — the immigrants, who have found permanent residence in another country and possibly have become naturalized citizens of the country that they’ve migrated to, and the Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) or expatriates. OFWs or expatriates are Pinoys who work with multi-national companies abroad on a temporary (and oftentimes,contractual) basis.

Family always comes first in Filipino culture. This trait does not only apply to immediate family members, but extends to relatives, even relations through affinity as well.

Traveling long distances to work abroad or reside permanently in another country does not make the global Pinoy forget — in fact, it makes him long for home and his family even more. In the midst of homesickness and loneliness, he strives hard to meet his financial goals and provide a better life for his loved ones.

In the beginning of his arduous journey to financial success, he comes across a familiar face, a kababayan, who would help him go through the rudiments of starting a new life in a foreign land.

With his newfound support group, the concepts of family and kababayan become synonymous and synergized for the global Pinoy. He finds reprieve and pays the kindness he receives forward. If his ventures become lucrative enough, he may even be willing to make patriotic investments on the Philippines, either through retirement or business endeavors.

Filipinos never forget their roots and will always find means to visit their home country– thus, the moniker balikbayan (balik means to return and bayan means country). After all, a Pinoy will always remain a Pinoy at heart, no matter what citizenship he has acquired or what new culture he has adapted to.


Every year, a considerable population of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) or expatriates seek greener pastures by working in different industries abroad. The spectrum is expanding further, with Pinoy professionals in different fields now working in developing Asian countries as Vietnam, Indonesia and China.

In a 2007 survey conducted by census.gov.ph, the report stated that “the number of OFWs who worked abroad at anytime during the period April to September 2007 was registered at 1.75 million. This represents an increase of 15.3 percent over the estimated 1.52 million OFWs in April to September 2006. Out of the total OFWs during the period April to September 2007, 92.4 percent (1.61 million) were Overseas Contract Workers (OCW) or those with existing work-contact abroad. The number of OCWs in April to September 2007 went up by 16.6 percent over the 1.38 million OCWs estimated for the same months in 2006.”

In the same survey, it was elaborated that “OFWs sent a total remittance of Php110 billion for the period April to September 2007, an increase of Php8 billion (7.7%) from the estimated remittance of Php102 billion for the same months in 2006. Included in the total remittances are cash sent (74.6%) cash brought home (20.7%) and remittances in kind (4.7%). Of the total cash remittance sent for the period April to September 2007, 76.8 percent were sent through the bank, 14 percent were sent through door-to-door and the rest (9.2%) were sent through the agency and or local office, friends or co-workers and other means. OFWs working in Asia, comprising 78.1 percent of all OFWs, sent the biggest cash remittance of Php57.7 billion. Among occupation groups, OFWs working as laborers or unskilled workers posted the highest cash remittance of Php17.6 billion.”

With his intelligence, ingenuity and industry, the Pinoy expatriate has elevated his country’s stature and competence in the global job market. The stigma that was once associated with OFWs has now become a myth. The OFW is no longer deterred nor disheartened by derogatory perceptions, because his sacrifices prove beneficial not only to his family and loved ones, but to his beloved country as well.

The Pinoy immigrant

Filipino immigrants are a common sight around the world — countries as the United States, Canada and Australia are fast-becoming new settlements for migrating Pinoys. In the United States alone, there is already a significant population of Filipino-Americans who have found their place and have adapted to the ways of American culture. The numbers continue to increase, especially with the continuing high demand for medical professionals. Times are changing and opportunities are rising for nurses, physical therapists and doctors.

In an article by Aaron Terrazas from the Migration Policy Institute, it was reported that “the number of Filipino immigrants in the United States tripled between 1980 and 2006, from 501, 440 to 1.6 million, making them the second largest immigrant group in the United States after Mexican immigrants and ahead of the Chinese, Indian and Vietnamese foreign-born.

“Over two-thirds of all Filipino immigrants resided in just five states, although their numbers are growing in places like Nevada, North Carolina, and Texas.”

Other notable facts in migrationinformation.org include: (1) “There were 1.6 million foreign-born from the Philippines residing in the US in 2006. The 1960 census counted 104,843 Filipino immigrants, a number that increased 15.6 times to 1,638,413 Filipino immigrants in 2006. The Filipino-born were the second-largest foreign-born group in the US in 2006 after immigrants from Mexico. (2) Filipino immigrants made up 4.4 percent of all immigrants in 2006. In 1960, Filipino immigrants composed 1.1 percent of all foreign-born in the United States. That share more than tripled to 3.6 percent in 1980 and increased to 4.6 percent in 1990 but decreased slightly to 4.4 percent in 2006.”

From balikbayan to balikbayani

According to Inquirer.net,the United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) announced in October 2007, through a study that was released in Washington DC, that the Philippines ranked fourth in dollar remittances among developing countries with $13.7 billion of global remittance flows in 2006.

In these trying times, The Philippines has found refuge in the new income-generating global Pinoy — the foremost contributor in revving up dollar revenues and boosting the Philippines’ economy. They have become a new breed of heroes – the balikbayanis, instigators of an economic revolution that counters poverty. Global Pinoy Power has become the new People Power, a teeming source of economic stability and empowerment.

Specialized needs

Global Pinoys have become a formidable force to reckon with — a potential market with unique needs. These unique needs necessitated the inception of a new industry — one solely dedicated to ensuring that their exigencies are met with ease and convenience. Remittance centers, balikbayan box companies and travel agencies are all part of this singular group.

Their specialized services have made this industry an indispensable part of global Pinoy culture. They may even be considered as balikbayanis themselves. They are the mediators that turn the global Pinoy’s dreams into reality through balikbayad (remittances), the balikbayan box and of course, the balikbayan.

The balikbayani ecosystem operates with such efficiency and symbiosis. Remittances to the Philippines provide our economy with much needed dollar revenues. Balikbayan boxes sent to the Philippines not only bring the global Pinoy’s parcel of love home but also generate jobs and added income for our kababayans. Reasonable airfare rates and travel packages attract millions of global Pinoys to come home every year, thus increasing income for the country further through tourism.

Indeed, it’s always a win-win situation in the balikbayani ecosystem — a manifestation of Pinoy’s ingenuity and adaptability wherever in the world he may be. (www.asianjournal.com)

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Hotel Owners Deny Abuse of Filipino Workers

By Sunantha Mendoza-Quibilan/Asianjournal.com

LOS ANGELES – The franchisees of a Comfort Inn and Suites in Oacoma, South Dakota accused of subjecting four Filipino immigrants to conditions of peonage, slavery, forced labor and human trafficking have denied the allegations in the federal civil suit against them.

The 21-page complaint filed last month by Sioux Falls attorney Brendan Johnson on behalf of employees Gina Agulto, Grace Pineda, Ronilo Pangan and Ruby Pangan of Worthington, Minn., seeks unspecified punitive, compensatory, general and special damages against Robert John Farrell and his Filipina wife Angelita Magat Farrell, and the Maryland-based Choice Hotels International Inc.

A written response filed this week by defense attorney Clint Sargent stated that the Farrells “deny the nature and extent of plaintiff’s damages and remit them to strict proof thereof.”

The Farrells assert that the plaintiffs have failed to mitigate their damages and that their claims for negligent infliction of emotional distress are excluded by South Dakota’s workers’ compensation act as well as by a state law that limits the rights and remedies of employees.

Meanwhile, Choice Hotels, in a separate response filed earlier this month, denied that it is liable for the injuries to the employees caused by the Farrells and requested that the court dismiss the portion of the complaint against the franchiser.

In November 2007, a federal jury convicted the Farrells on 18 criminal charges of conspiracy to commit peonage, four counts of peonage, document servitude, visa fraud and two counts of false statements.

Peonage is a condition of involuntary servitude imposed to extract repayment of an indebtedness.

In February, Robert Farrell was sentenced to 50 months in prison and Angelita Farrell was sentenced to 36 months in prison.

The Farrells are incarcerated but have appealed the verdicts and sentences.

The lawsuit alleges that the Farrells, after committing visa fraud to bring Philippine workers into the United States, abused the four Filipino workers by confiscating their visas and forcing them to work up to 18 hours a day without overtime pay. In addition, the victims were allegedly made to sign debt obligations and were subjected to mandatory unpaid late-night meetings where they would be admonished about their debts and work performance.



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Tax Exemption For RP Minimum Wage Earners Urged

By Jherlyn Meneses/Asianjournal.com

LOS ANGELES – Despite the 7.3-percent economic growth in 2007, the continuous increase in the prices of food and other commodities exert much pressure on the consuming public. With the looming rice crisis, the consumers’ plight compound further.

To cope with the existing economic situation and to ease the people’s burden, the House Committee on Ways and Means was urged to convene immediately and act on a law that seeks to exempt minimum wage earners from paying income taxes, as a gift to laborers in commemoration of Labor Day on May 1st.

Valenzuela Rep. Magtanggol “Magi” Gunigundo II, Chairman of House Committee on Labor, said that the proposed income tax exemption will greatly ease the burden of the minimum wage income earners from the soaring prices of basic commodities.

He added that the government will be capable of absorbing the estimated P607 million tax loss once the measure is implemented.

“It will be complemented by a congressional-executive consensus to pass a bill that will exempt minimum wage earners in the private sector and government workers in the lower rungs of the bureaucratic pay scale from paying a tax,” said Gunigundo who also welcomes the 10 percent wage hike increase for the government employees as directed by President Arroyo effective June 1, 2008.

Davao del Norte Rep. Anton Lagdameo, meanwhile, suggested that the 10 percent wage hike should also be applied to the local government units and state corporations like the previously implemented Executive Order (EO) 611 which grants a 10 percent wage hike to government-owned and controlled corporations (GOCC’s).

The Department of Finance previously urged the congress last February 2008 to prioritize this year the passage of the bill seeking to exempt minimum wage earners from the income tax. Notwithstanding the estimated revenue loss for the government, they expressed their full support behind the proposal to provide relief to all minimum wage earners. The department said that an estimated 365,317 minimum wage earners stood to benefit from the tax exemption proposal.


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Filipino Medical Workers Set to Get $3M in Back Wages

by Cynthia De Castro/Asianjournal.com

THE US Labor Department charged on Tuesday a US medical staffing firm with violating a foreign labor program after it allegedly owed almost three million dollars in back wages to its Filipino workers.

The New York-based Advanced Professional Marketing Inc. (APMI) and its president, Marissa Beck, were charged by the department with violating provisions of an immigration law that authorized employers to bring non-immigrant workers into the United States under the H-1B program.

An investigation by the department discovered that APMI has underpaid 156 H-1B guest workers from the Philippines employed as physical therapists in hospitals and other medical facilities in the New York metropolitan area. The department directed APMI and Beck to return almost three million dollars in back wages to the Filipino workers.

The department sent a “determination letter” enumerating the results of the probe on March 11, assessing penalties totaling 512,000 dollars for the alleged violations by the company.

Advanced Professional Marketing Inc and Beck could request a hearing on the issue before a US Labor Department administrative law judge within 15 days, the statement said.

The H-1B program permits employers to temporarily hire foreign workers for jobs in the United States in professional occupations such as computer programmers, engineers, physicians and teachers. However, the H-1B workers must be paid at least the same wage rates as are paid to US workers who perform the same types of work or the prevailing wages in the areas of intended employment.


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